You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1—13which are based on Reading Passage 1 below. A The Earth is the third planet from the Sun and it is the only planet known to have life on it. The Earth formed around 4. It is one of four rocky planets on the inside of the Solar System. The other three are Mercury, Venus, and Mars. B The large mass of the Sun makes the Earth move around it, just as the mass of the Earth makes the Moon move around it.

The Earth also turns round in space, so different parts face the Sun at different times. That is where the idea of "month" came from. However, now most months have 30 or 31 days so they fit into one year.

D The Earth is the only planet in our Solar System that has a large amount of liquid water. Because of this, it is sometimes called the "Blue Planet". E Because of its water, the Earth is home to millions of species of plants and animals. The things that live on Earth have changed its surface greatly.

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For example, early cyanobacteria changed the air and gave it oxygen. The living part of the Earth's surface is called the "biosphere". G The Earth is generallykilometers or 93, miles away from the Sun this distance is named an "Astronomical Unit".

The Earth moves along its way at an average speed of about 30 km or 19 mi a second. To make up this extra bit of a day every year, an additional day is used every four years. This is named a "leap year".

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H The Moon goes around the Earth at an average distance ofkilometersmi. It is locked to Earth, so that it always has the same half facing the Earth; the other half is called the "dark side of the Moon".This website is designed for non-native English speakers who need to study in America, Australia and Europe or Work where English is the language of communication.

Contact Sitemap Downloads. Is There Anybody Out There? This search often known by the acronym SETI [search for extraterrestrial intelligence], is a difficult one. Although groups around the world have been searching intermittently for three decades, it is only now that we have reached the level of technology where we can make a determined attempt to search all nearby stars for any sign of life.

In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. In other words, the life form we are looking for may well have two green heads and seven fingers, but it will nevertheless resemble us in that it should communicate with its fellows.

Be interested in the Universe, Live on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun, and perhaps most restrictively have chemistry, like us, based on carbon and water. Even when we make these assumptions.

We do not even know. However, when we look at the billion stars in our galaxy [the Milky Way], and billion galaxies. In the observable Universe, It seems inconceivable that at least one of these planets does not have a life form on it; in fact, the best educated guess we can make using the little that we do know about the conditions for carbon-based life, leads us to estimate that perhaps one instars might have a life-bearing planet orbiting it.

That means that our nearest neighbors are perhaps light years away. An alien civilization could choose many different ways of sending information across the galaxy, but many of these either require too much energy.

Until now there have not been any detections from the few hundred stars which have been searched. Much of the money in this project is being spent on developing the special hardware needed to search many frequencies et once. The project has two parts. One part is a targeted search using the world's largest radio telescopes. The American-operated telescope in Arecibo.

Puerto Rico and the French telescope in Nancy in France.Found a mistake? Let us know! Share this Practice Test. The primary reason for the search is basic curiosity - the same curiosity about the natural world that drives all pure science. We want to know whether we are alone in the Universe.

Will we last another two thousand years or will we wipe ourselves out? In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. Even when we make these assumptions, our understanding of other life forms is still severely limited. There is considerable debate over how we should react if we detect a signal from an alien civilisation. Everybody agrees that we should not reply immediately.

Luckily, there is no urgency about this. Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B-E from the list of headings below. Write the correct number, i-viiin boxes on your answer sheet. Please descibe the mistake as details as possible along with your expected correction, leave your email so we can contact with you when needed. Please enter description. Please enter a valid email. YES 2. YES 3. Follow us on Facebook Mini ielts. The Search for Extra-terrestrial Intelligence.

Questions Reading Passage has five paragraphs, A-E. Questions Answer the questions below. Questions Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage?

Other Tests. Total questions: Australian culture and culture shock. Activities for Children Recent Actual Tests. Activities for Children. The Value of a College Degree Science. The Value of a College Degree.You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 28 - 40which are based on Passage below.

Space: The Final Archaeological Frontier Space travel may still have a long way to go, but the notion of archaeological research and heritage management in space is already concerning scientists and environmentalists. Finney pointed out that just as today's scholars use archaeological records to investigate how Polynesians diverged culturally as they explored the Pacific, archaeologists will someday study off-Earth sites to trace the development of humans in space.

He realized that it was unlikely anyone would be able to conduct fieldwork in the near future, but he was convinced that one day such work would be done. There is a wealth of important archaeological sites from the history of space exploration on the Moon and Mars and measures need to be taken to protect these sites. In addition to the threat from profit- seeking corporations, scholars cite other potentially destructive forces such as souvenir hunting and unmonitored scientific sampling, as has already occurred in explorations of remote polar regions.

Already in one company was proposing a robotic lunar rover mission beginning at the site of Tranquility Base and rumbling across the Moon from one archaeological site to another, from the wreck of the Ranger S probe to Apollo 17 s landing site.

the search for life in outer space ielts reading answers

The mission, which would leave vehicle tyre- marks all over some of the most famous sites on the Moon, was promoted as a form of theme-park entertainment. Another problem arises through other international treaties proclaiming that land in space cannot be owned by any country or individual.

This presents some interesting dilemmas for the aspiring manager of extraterrestrial cultural resources. Does the US own Neil Armstrong's famous first footprints on the Moon but not the lunar dust in which they were recorded? Surely those footprints are as important in the story of human development as those left by hominids at Laetoli, Tanzania.

But unlike the Laetoli prints, which have survived for 3. To deal with problems like these, it may be time to look to innovative international administrative structures for the preservation of historic remains on the new frontier. The Moon, with its wealth of sites, will surely be the first destination of archaeologists trained to work in space. That distinction is already taken.

On November Surveyor J. Unrecognized at the time, this was an important moment in the history of science. Bean and Conrad were about to conduct the first archaeological studies on the Moon. After the obligatory planting of the American flag and some geological sampling, Conrad and Bean made their way to Surveyor 3. They observed that the probe had bounced after touchdown and carefully photographed the impressions made by its footpads.

The whole spacecraft was covered in dust, perhaps kicked up by the landing. The astronaut-archaeologists carefully removed the probes television camera, remote sampling arm.

They bagged and labelled these artefacts, and stowed them on board their lunar module. There, scientists analyzed the changes in these aerospace artefacts. One result of the analysis astonished them. A fragment of the television camera revealed evidence of the bacteria Streptococcus mitis. I or a moment it was thought Conrad and Bean had discovered evidence for life on the Moon, but after further research the real explanation became apparent.

While the camera was being installed in the probe prior to the launch, someone sneezed on it.You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:. It has been more than 30 years since man first landed on the moon. Some people think that space research is a waste of money. For over fifty years, a number of nations have been involved in the exploration of outer space. This research has been very costly, of course.

the search for life in outer space ielts reading answers

Has this money been well-spent or wasted? Some people believe that all or most space research should be eliminated because of its incredible expense, not only in terms of money, but also in terms of scientific and human resources. These people point out the fact that it cost billions of dollars to send astronauts to the moon, but all they brought back were some worthless rocks.

These people say that the money and effort now being wasted in outer space could be spent for homeless people, improving the education system, saving the environment, and finding cures for diseases. However, other people believe that space research has provided many benefits to mankind. They point out that hundreds of useful products, from personal computers to heart pacemakers to freeze-dried foods, are the direct or indirect results of space research.

They say that weather and communication satellites, which are also products of space programs, have benefited people all over the globe. In addition to these practical benefits, supporters of the space program point to the scientific knowledge that has been acquired about the sun, the moon, the planets and even our own earth as a result of space research. I agree with those people who support space research and want it to continue. Space research, as shown, has already brought many benefits to humanity.

Perhaps it will bring even more benefits in the future, ones that we cannot even imagine now. Moreover, just as individual people need challenges to make their lives more interesting, I believe the human race itself needs a challenge, and I think that the peaceful exploration of outer space provides just such a challenge.

Write about the following topic: It has been more than 30 years since man first landed on the moon. Do you agree or disagree? Model answer For over fifty years, a number of nations have been involved in the exploration of outer space.You have one minute to think about what you're going to say.

You can make some notes to help you if you wish. Sample Answer: Two or three weeks ago, I missed the college for some bowel disorders and stayed home round the day. Usually, I do not have much time to spend on movies for my academic activities. So, I watched a movie named The Martian.

IELTS Writing Sample #37

It was a science fiction and I was amazed at the movie and its making. Overall, it was a nice experience for me. This is a splendid cue card topic and I like the questions. I would like to thank you for the opportunity to let me talk about it.

The movie was made from a novel of the same name that was published in It was a story about an astronaut. While conducting an expedition on Mars, he got stranded. His team members thought that he was dead and failed to find him during a solar storm on the planet. So, they returned to the earth leaving him behind on Mars. But the astronaut did not die and had to struggle a lot to survive on that lonely planet. Later he, communicated with the base in earth and rescue operation was done to bring him back.

This is a significant story. Though it was a fiction in the movie, the days are not far when humans will conduct research and experiments on different planets. But they need to take precautionary measures so that there are no such events.

Conducting a rescue operation on another planet takes much time and expensive as well.You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 28 - 40which are based on Passage below. Space travel may still have a long way to go, but the notion of archaeological research and heritage management in space is already concerning scientists and environmentalists.

Finney pointed out that just as today's scholars use archaeological records to investigate how Polynesians diverged culturally as they explored the Pacific, archaeologists will someday study off-Earth sites to trace the development of humans in space. He realized that it was unlikely anyone would be able to conduct fieldwork in the near future, but he was convinced that one day such work would be done. There is a wealth of important archaeological sites from the history of space exploration on the Moon and Mars and measures need to be taken to protect these sites.

In addition to the threat from profit- seeking corporations, scholars cite other potentially destructive forces such as souvenir hunting and unmonitored scientific sampling, as has already occurred in explorations of remote polar regions. Already in one company was proposing a robotic lunar rover mission beginning at the site of Tranquility Base and rumbling across the Moon from one archaeological site to another, from the wreck of the Ranger S probe to Apollo 17 s landing site.

IELTS READING PRACTICE TEST 2020 WITH ANSWERS - 09-04-2020

The mission, which would leave vehicle tyre- marks all over some of the most famous sites on the Moon, was promoted as a form of theme-park entertainment. Another problem arises through other international treaties proclaiming that land in space cannot be owned by any country or individual. This presents some interesting dilemmas for the aspiring manager of extraterrestrial cultural resources. Does the US own Neil Armstrong's famous first footprints on the Moon but not the lunar dust in which they were recorded?

Surely those footprints are as important in the story of human development as those left by hominids at Laetoli, Tanzania. But unlike the Laetoli prints, which have survived for 3. To deal with problems like these, it may be time to look to innovative international administrative structures for the preservation of historic remains on the new frontier.

The Moon, with its wealth of sites, will surely be the first destination of archaeologists trained to work in space. That distinction is already taken. On November Surveyor J. Unrecognized at the time, this was an important moment in the history of science. Bean and Conrad were about to conduct the first archaeological studies on the Moon. After the obligatory planting of the American flag and some geological sampling, Conrad and Bean made their way to Surveyor 3.

They observed that the probe had bounced after touchdown and carefully photographed the impressions made by its footpads. The whole spacecraft was covered in dust, perhaps kicked up by the landing. The astronaut-archaeologists carefully removed the probes television camera, remote sampling arm.

They bagged and labelled these artefacts, and stowed them on board their lunar module. There, scientists analyzed the changes in these aerospace artefacts. One result of the analysis astonished them. A fragment of the television camera revealed evidence of the bacteria Streptococcus mitis. I or a moment it was thought Conrad and Bean had discovered evidence for life on the Moon, but after further research the real explanation became apparent.

the search for life in outer space ielts reading answers

While the camera was being installed in the probe prior to the launch, someone sneezed on it. The resulting bacteria had travelled to the Moon, remained in an alternating freezing. The finding that not even the vastness of space can stop humans from spreading a sore throat was an unexpected spin-off.

But the artefacts brought back by Rean and Conrad have a broader significance. Simple as they may seem, they provide the first example of extraterrestrial archaeology and perhaps more significant for the history of the discipline formational archaeology, the study of environmental and cultural forces upon the life history of human artefacts in space.

Questions Complete each sentence with the correct ending A-H from the box below. Write the correct letter A-H in boxes on your answer sheet. Ben Finney's main academic work investigates the way that Ben Finney thought that in the long term

the search for life in outer space ielts reading answers

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